Like in Russia, several companies in Ukraine started producing copies of Western European model cars in 1/43rd scale in the early 1970s, namely Vatutin in Kiev and the toy factory in Donetsk. Other manufacturers, e.g. Kherson Electromash, Electropribor, Arsenal, and Chernomorskaya Igrushka, released plastic or diecast models of Soviet original cars in the same scale, and the Ukrainian car producer ZAZ made several plastic models of their own small cars for customers. Nowadays various manufacturers of 1/43rd scale handbuilt models are based in Ukraine. The best known are Vector Models, Techno Exclusive/Kimmeria and Kherson Model (all in Kherson), Mini Classic (in Zaporozhye) and ALF/Pegas Models (in Nikolaev). The resin models made for various customers in Europe and the USA by Vladimir Pivtorak and his company EMC Models from Kiev since 1986 are particularly detailed. Especially in the ALF range there are several models of original cars made in Ukraine: ZAZ passenger cars and LuAZ off-road vehicles. But the ZAZ 966/968, small cars very common in the former Soviet Union, have also been modelled as a diecast models by Progress and Radon in Russia (very rare, but the Radon model was later reissued by Incotex), as plastic models in various scales, as handbuilt models by various Russian producers and more recently as detailed 1/43rd scale models by De Agostini und IST Models.