Chile

Like other South American countries, Chile had its own toy industry in the 1960s and 1970s, although it was comparatively small. Various companies released inexpensive plastic toy cars, but these were usually not marked with a brand name. But there was also at least one manufacturer of diecast models in about 1/43rd scale: Until the mid-1970s, Maestranza Metalúrgica Quilpué made model cars inspired by contemporary Corgi and Tekno products, yet these were no exact copies: Volvo PV 544 and P1800, VW Beetle, T1 Transporter and 1500, Land Rover as well as several trucks. The models featured the MMQ inscription on the bottom and were also known under the name of "Alfa". Furthermore, Dinky Toys models from England were finished by the Gastón Grubner company in the tax free harbour of Arica in the late 1960s, in order to avoid import taxes, and packed in special boxes for the Chilean market. The same company also assembled models by Mercury from Italy, by Best Box from the Netherlands, and by Schuco from Germany. A model car of a Chilean prototype is the Citroën 2 CV Citroneta with open boot, released in 2005 by Norev in 1/43rd scale for a partwork of the French publisher Hachette. The Diecast Club offered another 1/43rd scale model of the Citroneta in a series of Citroën-2-CV-based vehicles from all over the world from 2016. In late 2013, Luppa Solutions introduced a 1/72nd scale Pullman trolley bus, which had been operated in Valparaiso for decades, for the partwork "Autobuses del Mundo" sold in various South American countries.